Tolstoy was my first obsession. After being made to read Anna Karenina as a student (looking at the great lump of it on my bookshelf with some consternation) I quickly couldn’t get enough. And before the days of Internet book sites the search for books by and about Tolstoy took on the character of a quest, the exertions, dashed hopes and heart-jumping discoveries.
It seems a strange leap to make from Tolstoy to John Cowper Powys. JCP was unimpressed by the much lauded Russian, saying War and Peace was “boring”. Tolstoy’s brand of worthy religiosity and didacticism was a real turn off. And it’s fair to suggest that if Tolstoy had lived long enough to have read any of Powys (he died, however, in 1910), he would have found the novels (and many of the ideas expressed in them) totally repellent: the overheated atmosphere, preoccupations with sex, all the irrationality, the weak-kneed heroes.
But they’re closer to each other than either would ever want to admit. Most obviously in their use of lengthy texts to immerse readers in a created world. Being god-like: in Tolstoy’s case being the All Seeing One, and with Powys, being the Magician. They both make use of fine-grained psychological insights as their primary material. More importantly they’re driven by the need to expose the artificiality and superficiality of conventional lives – whether those of the St Petersburg nobility in their salons or the English upper middle-classes – and the existence of a more honest and inspiring plane of seeing and thinking. They both see and feel a special quality in the most ordinary of things and people (‘God’ or ‘poetry’ is in everything); and have complex personal relationships with religion (Tolstoy was by no means a regular believer, he only committed to his re-written version; morality was always something he struggled with, an ongoing contest where he knew he’d always be the loser). While Powys might be noted for his eccentric use of animism, Tolstoy is not so different, making subtle allusions to the consciousness of trees and the elements – and would regularly speak in his writing from the perspective of dogs and horses.