The world’s newest ‘guru’ is Yuval Noah Hurari. An Israeli historian, each of his three books has been a global bestseller. Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind was a surprise popular hit for the publisher, leading to follow-ups Homus Dei: A Brief History of Tomorrow and now 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. Within Hurari’s position is a Powysian core in terms of some concerns and conclusions.
Hurari is worried about the long-term implications of technology and our psychological and emotional ability to cope with an immersion in a digital environment run by Artificial Intelligence and networks of autonomous tech where we may no longer need to work in the same way, associate with people the same way, even think the same way (if at all). Equipped with brains and bodies designed principally for hunting, gathering and singing songs around a fireside, we are struggling to adjust to the barrage of technological change. And that presents a host of problems. As he asks at one point: “How do you live in an age of bewilderment, when the old stories have collapsed, and no new story has yet emerged to replace them?”
Hurari points to the ever-increasing importance of self-awareness in the preservation of human life and of our essential humanity, who we are and how we relate to the real world. We need to cultivate our personal culture, our life-illusion in order to defy the insidious perils of the modern world – so exactly what Powys was calling for, again and again, in the novels and books of popular philosophy a hundred years ago.
This is the point where Powys and Hurari part ways. The 21st century historian is a modern man who is reputed to rely on two hours of meditation each day, along with annual ‘retreats’ for the sake of mindfulness. It all sounds a bit like our modern idea of ‘me time’ and the need for pampering. Powys, I’d say, wasn’t so much interested in being perfectly healthy. There was too much to enjoy from the full gamut of human sensations, not all of them so serene.